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DOES VEGAN FEEDING AFFECT FERTILITY?

DOES VEGAN FEEDING AFFECT FERTILITY?

Doctor. Nguyen Huynh Hanh Dung, Doctor of Infertility examination and treatment, IVF Phuong Chau

1. What is vegetarianism?

Vegetarianism is a broad concept that refers to not consuming products related to animal slaughter, divided into many different forms depending on religious viewpoints:

– Vegetarian according to Mahayana Buddhism: do not eat animal products and some vegetables with the aroma of onions and garlic.

– Egg vegetarian (called ovo in Latin): can eat eggs but not dairy products

– Lacto-vegetarian (called lacto in Latin): can eat dairy products but cannot eat eggs.

Vegetarian with both eggs and milk (called ovo-lacto in Latin): can eat some animal or dairy products such as eggs, milk and honey

– Macrobiotics: mainly eat whole grains and beans or follow Ohsawa’s macrobiotic method.

– Completely vegetarian (vegan): abstains from all animal meat and animal products, including milk, honey, eggs, and excludes any products tested on animals animals, or using costumes derived from animals (such as leather shoes, leather jackets, fur coats, feathers).

 
 
 
 

2. What are the benefits of being vegetarian?

– Gives you a healthy heart.

According to research, plant foods contain a lot of fiber and very little fat, which significantly reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Besides, when you don’t slaughter animals, your heart radiates more peaceful and happier energy.

– Reduce the risk of overweight and obesity.

The metabolic rate in people on a vegetarian diet is quite high, so it will help you burn more fat to reduce overweight or obesity. Especially for women with polycystic ovary syndrome, good weight management will increase the rate of natural pregnancy.

3. Being vegetarian will lack nutrients, right?

If you have an unreasonable vegetarian diet (not fully balanced with nutritional groups) for a long time, it will cause a deficiency of vitamins and minerals necessary for the body. In this article, we will discuss the micronutrients necessary for the reproductive process. Include:

– Omega 3 types DHA and EPA from marine fish

– Vitamin B12 is found more in fish meat than in plants

– Most of the iron in fish meat is in the form of heme iron, which is the most easily absorbed form of iron, 20 times more iron than non-heme iron in plants.

– Zinc is found in vegetarian foods such as beans, nuts, whole grains, dairy products and eggs. However, the phytate content (also known as phytic acid) present in these foods inhibits zinc absorption because it binds to zinc and increases excretion of zinc from the body.

4. How to fully supplement vitamins and minerals when fasting?

If you are vegetarian and planning to have children or are pregnant, you need to ensure 4 principles

– Clean food: vegetables and fruits of known origin, avoiding toxic chemicals

– Diverse meals: change vegetables, fruits, nuts, mushrooms, etc.

– Prepare properly: minimize phytate in zinc-rich vegan foods by using yeast (leavened bread, sprouted grains – bean sprouts)

– Supplements containing vitamins according to doctor’s instructions.

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